Cats are generally quite undemanding creatures, often seeking attention on their own terms but are rarely ‘in your face’ all the time like some dogs. They do, however, have preventative health needs to keep them fit and well.
Cats are very good at hiding signs of illness. Being a prey species, as well as a predator, any sign that they are not 100% makes them vulnerable to attack. Therefore, by the time your cat is showing clear signs of being unwell, the situation is often a lot more serious than it seems. Regular check ups with your vet are very important to pick up subtle, early signs of illness and allow treatment to be initiated early, when it is more likely to be successful. When your cat is a young adult, annual check ups, often combined with vaccinations, will be sufficient, but as your cat gets older, more frequent checks (e.g. every 3-6 months) will be required.
Neutering prevents unwanted pregnancies from increasing the cat population further (there are already thousands of cats and kittens in rescue centres) and also reduces the chance of your cat straying too far, putting them at risk of accident, attack and disease.
Cats play host to a number of different parasites which can cause health problems to the cat, as well as to the wider family. Regular parasite prevention is important to keep both pet and human household members fit and healthy.
Where it is possible, prevention is much better and easier than cure!